Maker: Attributed to Thomas Affleck (1740–1795)

Date: 1765–75

Geography: Made in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States

Culture: American

Medium: Mahogany, white oak

Dimensions: 43 x 28 1/4 x 30 in. (109.2 x 71.8 x 76.2 cm)

Classification: Furniture

Credit Line: Purchase, Gift of Mrs. Russell Sage and The Sylmaris Collection, Gift of George Coe Graves, by exchange; Robert G. Goelet Gift; and funds from various donors, 1959

Accession Number: 59.154


Affleck, a Scottish immigrant, came to America in 1763, the same year as John Penn (1729–1795), governor of Pennsylvania. This is one of a group of open-arm, upholstered-back armchairs with straight legs that Affleck is believed to have made for Penn. It follows a pattern for "French Chairs with Elbows" published in Thomas Chippendale’s "Gentleman and Cabinet-Maker’s Director" (1762 ed.).