(1) Hortus Palatinus

Designer: Designed by Salomon de Caus (French, Dieppe 1576?–1626 (active Germany))

Publisher: (1) Published by Johann Theodor de Brij , Frankfurt am Main

Publisher: (2, 3, 4) Published by Jan Norton

Dedicatee: Dedicated to Frederick V, King of Bohemia (1596–1632)

Dedicatee: Dedicated to Elizabeth I, Queen of England (1533–1603) (Princess at that time)

Dedicatee: Dedicated to Anne of Denmark, Queen of England (1574–1619)

Dedicatee: Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales (British, Stirling, Scotland 1594–1612 London)

Published in: Frankfurt am Main

Date: 1620

Medium: Engravings and woodcuts

Dimensions: Overall: 15 3/8 x 10 7/16 x 1 15/16 in. (39 x 26.5 x 5 cm)

Classification: Books

Credit Line: The Elisha Whittelsey Collection, The Elisha Whittelsey Fund, 1949

Accession Number: 49.122


Salomon de Caus (1576–1626) was a unique figure in garden history. Trained as an architect-mathematician and hydraulic engineer, he was renowned not only for his garden designs with magnificent waterworks, but also for his many publications on topics relating to the arts and sciences. His most influential works include the Hortus Palatinus (1620) on his Heidelberg garden designs, and Les raisons des forces mouvantes (1615), setting out the principles of hydraulics on which the automata or trick fountains and water jokes in the seventeenth-century garden were based. Familiar with the waterworks in Italian Renaissance gardens (Villa d'Este, Tivoli, and Pratolino, Florence), ultimately derived from the just reissued works of Hero of Alexandria (first century A.D.), de Caus introduced hydraulics into the Northern European garden. His influence was widespread at the courts of the Southern and Northern Netherlands, Germany, and also England, where his younger brother Isaac de Caus worked.