The Crucifixion

Artist: Francesco Granacci (Francesco di Andrea di Marco) (Italian, Villamagna 1469–1543 Florence)

Date: ca. 1510

Medium: Tempera and gold on wood

Dimensions: Central panel 19 x 11 1/2 in. (48.3 x 29.2 cm); each wing 19 x 6 in. (48.3 x 15.2 cm)

Classification: Paintings

Credit Line: Gift of Nancy, Carolina, and Isabelle Richardson, and Purchase, Friends of European Paintings Gifts, 2006

Accession Number: 2006.409


Painted around 1500–1510, this exquisite triptych was intended for private devotion (an old inventory label on the back indicates that at one time it belonged to the Stiozzi Ridolfi family). When closed, it could be easily transported. When opened, it offered three scenes for meditation relating to death, resurrection, and the Last Judgment (note how one of the resurrected figures in the Last Judgment looks directly out at the viewer). Although the figure scale is not consistent, the northern-inspired landscape is continuous in all three panels. The scene of the Last Judgment, in which Christ indicates the wound in his side and the Virgin pleads prayerfully to him, recalls a celebrated fresco by Fra Bartolomeo (Museo di San Marco, Florence) and the strongly devotional quality of this picture may owe something to the impact of Savonarola. The superscription at the top of the cross, reading Jesus Christ King of the Jews, is rendered in beautiful Hebrew, Greek, and Latin letters.