Seated Buddha

Date: 1st to mid-2nd century

Culture: Pakistan (ancient region of Gandhara)

Medium: Bronze with traces of gold leaf

Dimensions: H. 6 5/8 in. (16.8 cm); W. 4 1/2 in. (11.4 cm); D. 4 in. (10.2 cm)

Classification: Sculpture

Credit Line: Gift of Muneichi Nitta, 2003

Accession Number: 2003.593.1


This small bronze Buddha is probably one of the earliest iconic representations of Shakyamuni from Gandhara. He sits in a yogic posture holding his right hand in abhaya mudra (a gesture of approachability); his unusual halo has serrations that indicate radiating light. His hairstyle, the form of his robes, and the treatment of the figure reflect stylistic contacts with the classical traditions of the West. This Buddha shows closer affinities to Roman sculpture than any other surviving Gandharan bronze.