Book of Prayers, Surat al-Yasin and Surat al-Fath

Calligrapher: Ahmad Nairizi (active 1682–1739)

Illuminator: (attributed to) Muhammad Hadi (d. ca. 1771)

Object Name: Non-illustrated manuscript

Date: dated A.H. 1132/A.D. 1719–20

Geography: Made in Iran, probably Isfahan

Medium: Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper
Binding: lacquer

Dimensions: H. 9 3/4 in. (24.7 cm)
W. 6 1/8 in. (15.6 cm)

Classification: Codices

Credit Line: Purchase, Friends of Islamic Art Gifts, 2003

Accession Number: 2003.239


This prayer book reflects the fusion of Indian and Iranian manuscript illumination in the eighteenth century. It contains the Surat al-Yasin and the Surat al-Fath (Victory) copied by the celebrated master of revival naskh, Ahmad Nairizi, with illuminations attributed to the renowned Muhammad Hadi. The color palette and decoration of naturalistic grape-bearing vines and vegetal scrolls in vibrant gold, pistachio green, and crimson resemble designs used in Mughal and Kashmiri manuscript illumination, architectural decoration, and decorative arts.