Prince and Ladies in a Garden

Artist: Nidha Mal

Object Name: Illustrated single work

Date: mid-18th century

Geography: Made in India, Lucknow

Medium: Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper

Dimensions: 10 5/8 x 7 3/8in. (27 x 18.7cm)

Classification: Codices

Credit Line: Cynthia Hazen Polsky and Leon B. Polsky Fund, 2001

Accession Number: 2001.302


This scene of leisure typifies the gracious style of later Mughal painting practiced at provincial centers such as Lucknow in the eighteenth century. Here, a prince and his consort smoke a huqqa, attended by ladies in the pleasant surroundings of a walled palace garden. Nidha Mal, a talented artist of the Delhi-based court of Mughal emperor Muhammad Shah (r. 1719–48), later moved to Lucknow, where he continued to paint in the refined and naturalistic Delhi style.