Calligraphic Roundel, inscribed "Ya Aziz" (Oh Mighty)

Object Name: Roundel

Date: late 16th–early 17th century

Geography: Attributed to India, Deccan, Hyderabad

Medium: Sandstone; carved, traces of pigment

Dimensions: Diam. 18 1/2 in. (47 cm)
D. 1 3/16 in. (3 cm)
Wt. 10 lbs. (4.5 kg)

Classification: Stone

Credit Line: Edward Pearce Casey Fund, 1985

Accession Number: 1985.240.1


Decorative roundels are found in the spandrels of arches on many buildings in the Deccan, but those with calligraphic decoration only appear in mosques and tombs. The inscription on this roundel reads "Ya 'Aziz" (O Mighty), one of the ninety-nine names of God in the Islamic tradition. Each phrase is first written vertically and then in mirror image to form a decorative unit that is repeated eight times around the roundel.