Crucified Christ

Date: ca. 1260–80

Geography: Made in Paris, France

Culture: French

Medium: Elephant ivory, traces of polychromy

Dimensions: Overall: 6 5/8 x 1 11/16 x 1 5/16in. (16.8 x 4.3 x 3.4cm)

Classification: Ivories

Credit Line: Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Maxime L. Hermanos, 1978

Accession Number: 1978.521.3


The theme of Christ's suffering on the cross was so important in Gothic art that the mid-thirteenth-century statute of the corporations of Paris provided for a guild dedicated to the carving of such images, including ones in ivory. This ivory sculpture of Christ, whose pathos and agony are beautifully conveyed, was executed in the round and most certainly was intended for an altar cross. In spite of the loss of both arms and parts of the legs (which originally were attached to the body by means of pegs), the modeling of the figure reveals a profound sensitivity to form and expression. The powerful anatomical structure—with its natural portrayal of the dying Christ's corporeality—is remarkable for a crucifix of this period. The closed eyes and the long hair, which falls down the back and right side of the head, reveal the emotional impact of death. A subtle twist in the torso was produced in part by the positioning of the legs, which were crossed and mounted on the cross with a single tail.