Date: mid-17th century

Culture: German

Medium: Lindenwood with traces of pigment, spruce base

Dimensions: Overall: 12 1/8 × 11 1/2 in. (30.8 × 29.2 cm)

Classification: Sculpture-Miniature

Credit Line: Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917

Accession Number: 17.190.729


Carved images of death were cherished items in sixteenth- and seventeenth-century collectors' cabinets. Most were of wood, though ivory versions are known. They relate to the artistic preoccupation with death in the Late Middle Ages and the Renaissance. The naturalistic poses, gestures, and movement of drapery date this group to the mid-seventeenth century; indeed, the composition recalls an etching of 1663 by Stefano della Bella (MMA Print Department 68.736.1). The group is carved in one piece except for the plumes on the turban. The skeleton has an elaborately hollowed-out torso and neck, and the tendons of his forearms and lower legs are similarly undercut.