Madonna and Child Enthroned with Saints

Artist: Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio or Santi) (Italian, Urbino 1483–1520 Rome)

Date: ca. 1504

Medium: Oil and gold on wood

Dimensions: Main panel, overall 67 7/8 x 67 7/8 in. (172.4 x 172.4 cm), painted surface 66 3/4 x 66 1/2 in. (169.5 x 168.9 cm); lunette, overall 29 1/2 x 70 7/8 in. (74.9 x 180 cm), painted surface 25 1/2 x 67 1/2 in. (64.8 x 171.5 cm)

Classification: Paintings

Credit Line: Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1916

Accession Number: 16.30ab


Raphael painted this altarpiece around 1504/5 for the Franciscan convent of Sant’ Antonio in Perugia. It hung in a part of the church reserved for the nuns, who may have insisted on its conservative details, such as the elaborately clothed Christ Child. By contrast, the weighty male saints look to the future—the recent works by Leonardo da Vinci and Fra Bartolomeo that Raphael had just begun to study in Florence. The nuns sold their altarpiece in 1678, and in the early twentieth century its purchase by J. Pierpont Morgan received clamorous press coverage. For more information about this painting, including a reconstruction of the altarpiece, visit