Head of the god Amun

Period: New Kingdom, post-Amarna Period

Dynasty: Dynasty 18

Reign: reign of Tutankhamun

Date: ca. 1336–1327 B.C.

Geography: Probably from Upper Egypt, Thebes; From Egypt

Medium: Granodiorite

Dimensions: H. 44 cm (17 5/16 in.), W. 38.2 (15 1/16 in.); D. 41.5 (16 5/16 in.)

Credit Line: Rogers Fund, 1907

Accession Number: 07.228.34


The braided beard and the flat cap with remnants of double plumes identify this god as Amun. His small eyes are separated by a curved depression from the rounded brow ridge; his broad face shows full lips with sharp contours, and, from the side, a slightly drooping chin. These features closely parallel those of King Tutankhamun and mark the piece as his commission. The statue was certainly created for Karnak, Amun's great temple at Thebes, as part of Tutankhamun's restoration of the god's monuments that had been defaced or destroyed during the reign of Akhenaten. A number of sculptures depict Amun touching the crown of Tutankhamun, who stands or kneels before him. This head seems very large for such a composition, however; thus it is likely that the head originally belonged to a large freestanding or seated figure of the god.

The similarities between this piece and late Amarna art suggest that sculptors from Amarna were active in Thebes during Tutankhamun's reign. The combination of the lush physicality of the mouth with the distant, veiled gaze of the small eyes beneath shadowing brows creates a tension. These features-as in late Amarna art, and like similar tensions in the faces of late Middle Kingdom sculptures,-were probably meant to convey a kind of interiority or reflectiveness.