Exhibitions/ Art Object
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Terracotta neck-amphora (jar)

Attributed to the Diosphos Painter
Period:
Archaic
Date:
ca. 500 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Terracotta; black-figure
Dimensions:
H. 7 3/16 in. (18.3 cm) diameter of mouth 3 7/16 in. (8.7 cm) diameter of foot 2 5/8 in. (6.6 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Fletcher Fund, 1956
Accession Number:
56.171.25
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 154
Attributed to the Diosphos Painter Obverse: Hypnos (Sleep) and Thanatos (Death) carry Sarpedon, a son of Zeus, to his homeland, Lycia
Reverse: Eos (Dawn) carries her son Memnon to his kingdom in Ethiopia The scenes on this jar show two deceased heroes of the Trojan War being lifted from the battlefield. Hypnos and his brother Thanatos are shown without their wings, suggesting that the scene may instead represent the Greek heroes Menelaos and Meriones carrying the body of Patroklos, the friend of Achilles, whose funeral games end Homer's Iliad. The small, armed winged figure at center moving up from the body may represent the psyche athanatos (immortal soul) of the deceased.
Inscription: Nonsense inscriptions on obverse
von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1957. "Greek Vases from the Hearst Collection." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 15(7): pp. 166, 172.

Beazley, John D. 1971. Paralipomena: Additions to Attic Black-Figure Vase-Painters and to Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters [2nd edition]. p. 248, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Moret, J.-M. 1984. Œdipe, la Sphinx et les thébains: essai de mythologie iconographique, Bibliotheca Helvetica Romana 23, 2 vols. p. 23, n. 7, Rome: Institut suisse de Rome.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1986. Atherion-Eros, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 3. Eos, no. 329, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1992. Kentauroi-Oiax, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 6. Memnon, no. 63; Menelaos, no. 36; Meriones, no. 3, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Shapiro, Harvey Alan. 1993. Personifications in Greek Art: The Representation of Abstract Concepts, 600-400 B.C.. pp. 136–38, 141, 246, 266, fig. 70, Zürich: Akanthus.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1994. Oidipous-Theseus, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 7. Sarpedon, no. 8; Thanatos, no. 5, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Lezzi-Hafter, Adrienne, Cécile Jubier-Galinier, Leslie Threatte, Jan-Matthias Müller, and Kristine Gex. 2016. Potters - Painters - Scribes : Inscriptions on Attic Vases, Rudolf Wachter, ed. p. 66, Zürich: Akanthus Verlag für Archäologie.

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