Coffin of Ameny, wood, paint

Coffin of Ameny

Middle Kingdom
Dynasty 12
ca. 1981–1802 B.C.
From Egypt, Middle Egypt, Meir, Khashaba excavations, 1910–11
wood, paint
L. 2.9 m (114 3/16 in); w. 52 cm (20 1/2 in); h. 62.5 cm (24 5/8 in)
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1911
Accession Number:
11.150.39a, b
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 109
The owner of this coffin Ameny is simply designated as the "son of a member of the elite" in the inscription on the lid. On the evidence of his mummy - now in the Peabody Museum, Cambridge - he was already an old man when he died. The inscription on the lid also begs the god Anubis, "Lord of Sepa," to allow the deceased to "cross the sky, be interred, and ascend to the Great God, Lord of Heaven." The painted decoration on the coffin box with its series of doorways surrounded by intricately enhanced niches and other architectural elements evokes associations with the Egyptian idea of the "false door," a symbolic passage through which the deceased could exit spiritually from his resting place in the tomb - or here the coffin - to receive offerings. The eyes above one of the doorways corresponded with the eyes of the mummy that originally lay on its side within the coffin. The eyes are composed of elements of human eyes and the feathering around the eyes of falcons (wedjat eye). The wedjat element here thus combined protective forces with the idea of an opening through which the deceased could communicate with the outside world and see the sun rising in the east.
Excavated by Sayyid Pasha Khashaba and received in the division of finds. Purchased by the Museum from Khashaba, 1911.

Kamal, Ahmed Bey 1914. "Rapport sur les fouilles exécutées dans la zone comprise entre Déirout au nord et Déir-el-Ganadlah au sud." In Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Égypte, 14, pp. 56–7.

Hayes, William C. 1953. Scepter of Egypt I: A Background for the Study of the Egyptian Antiquities in The Metropolitan Museum of Art: From the Earliest Times to the End of the Middle Kingdom. Cambridge, Mass.: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 313.