Statuette of the Goddess Taweret
- Ptolemaic Period
- 332–30 B.C.
- From Egypt, Northern Upper Egypt, Qena area
- Glassy faience
- H. 11 cm (4 5/16 in); W. 3.3 cm (1 5/16 in); D. 4.8 cm (1 7/8 in)
- Credit Line:
- Purchase, Edward S. Harkness Gift, 1926
- Accession Number:
In all likelihood, this statuette represents the goddess Taweret, whose domain was the protection of pregnant women, especially during childbirth. Her menacing image, intended to frighten away demons and other deadly creatures, combines human, hippopotamus, crocodile, and lion attributes. The post on her head probably supported a metal crown in the shape of a sun disk, surmounted by either feathers or horns. The stylized symbol under her front paws can be best interpreted as the sa amulet. Although Taweret was worshipped in both secular and sacred settings, this statuette's almost perfect condition, exceptional craftsmanship, size, and iconography suggest that it was created for a temple—possibly for the "birth house" where this goddess was linked with Isis.
In the past, the piece was identified as true glass. While it is difficult to identify the material precisely, pooling of glaze around the feet and the slightly grainy structure visible in a few places strongly argue for glassy faience. Possibly the overall form was created in a mold, but details of the head and extremities, which convey the deity's power and intimidating nature, must have been modeled by hand. The pale blue color of the glaze assists in assigning a Ptolemaic Period date.
Carnarvon Collection, purchased in Cairo at some time before 1923. Carnarvon Collection until 1926. Purchased by the Metropolitan Museum of Art from Almina, Countess of Carnarvon, 1926.
Cooney, John 1960. "Glass Sculpture in Ancient Egypt." In Journal of Glass Studies, 2, pp. 29-30, fig. 22.
Allen, James P. 2005. "Taweret." In The Art of Medicine in Ancient Egypt, edited by James P. Allen and David T. Mininberg. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 32, no. 25.
Oppenheim, Adela 2010. "Thoëris-Statuette." In Falken, Katzen, Krokodile: Tiere im Alten Ägypten: Aus den Sammlungen des Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, und des Ägyptischen Museums Kairo, edited by Dorothea Arnold. Zurich: Museum Rietberg, p. 54, no. 45.