Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Tenor (Alto) Ophicleide in E-flat

Maker:
Attributed to Charles Joseph Sax (Belgian, Dinant, Belgium 1790–1865 Paris)
Date:
ca. 1845
Geography:
Brussels, Belgium
Medium:
Brass
Dimensions:
Overall: 18.9 x 89cm (7 7/16 x 35 1/16in.)
Classification:
Aerophone-Lip Vibrated-horn
Credit Line:
The Crosby Brown Collection of Musical Instruments, 1889
Accession Number:
89.4.2719
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 964
Alto ophicleide in E-flat with nine keys, body made of brass, detachable looped crook, no tuning slide, bell has rolled rim. Braces and bow guard are simple and unadorned. With associated small, cupped mouthpiece

The ophicleide was a popular low brass instrument in bands and orchestras during the middle decades of the nineteenth century. Drawing its name from a Greek-derived portmanteau of "serpent" and "keys", the instrument was devised as an improvment on its predecessor, the serpent. Its key system allowed the toneholes of the ophicleide to be strategically placed to enable it to play better in tune. The ophicleide was superceeded by the tuba and other low brass instruments with valves in the latter part of the nineteenth century. Its distinctive, nasal tone quality differs significantly from that of the modern tuba and makes the ophicleide an important instrument in period performance orchestras.
Marking: Engraved on bell: C. Sax / Bruxelles 7636
Mary Elizabeth Adams Brown
Catalogue of the Crosby Brown Collection of Musical Instruments: Historical Groups, Gallery 39. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1905, pg. 64.



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