Christ and the Pharisees; verso; Christ and a Pharisee
Anthony van Dyck (Flemish, Antwerp 1599–1641 London)
early 17th century
Pen and brown ink, brush and brown wash
6 x 8 7/16 in. (15.2 x 21.5 cm)
Gift of Victor Sordan, 1980
Not on view
Although best known as a portraitist, van Dyck executed many religious works during his formative period in his native city of Antwerp. Like other Flemish artists of his generation, his graphic manner was influenced by Rubens. In this study of the New Testament subject Christ and the Pharisees (Matthew 22:15–22), van Dyck arranged the primary figures in a relieflike composition using highly abbreviated penwork. Through facial expression, gesture, and the interrelationships between the poses of the figures, van Dyck explored the means to express the ferocity of the debate between Christ and Simon the Pharisee concerning fidelity to the law. He placed the figures in combative positions, directly opposite each other in strict profile, and connected the two through the interplay of their hands; their faces convey the intensity of the argument. Van Dyck derived the facial types from portraits on Renaissance coins, and the gestures from Raphael's cartoons for the Acts of the Apostles. In the composition, the search for the correct outline, and the blocky forms, however, he emulated the style of his master, Rubens.
Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings
Inscription: Upper right, in pen and brown ink: 2 Lower right, in pen and brown ink: illegible figures Bottom center, in graphite: 18 Verso, upper left, in graphite: 1980.515 Verso, upper right, in graphite: 100
André de Hevesy (French), Vienna-Paris; Victor Sordan, New York; Sale Park-Bernet, New York, New York, 22 October 1970, lot 38, BI
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Drawings and Prints: Selections from the Permanent Collection," February 6, 1995–April 16, 1995.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Drawings and Prints: Selections from the Permanent Collection," May 5, 1998–September 14, 1998.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Drawings and Prints: Selections from the Permanent Collection," February 26–May 21, 2001.
Horst Vey "Einige unveröffentlichte Zeichnungen van Dycks." Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts Bulletin. vols. 3-4, 1957, fig. no. 2, 3, pp. 178-181, ill.
Horst Vey Die Zeichnungen Anton van Dycks. Brussels, 1962, cat. no. 41, fig. no. 54,55, pp. 110-111, ill.
Jacob Bean Flemish Drawings and Prints of the 17th Century. Exh. cat.: Prints and Drawings Galleries, February 17 through April 15. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1970, cat. no. 3, p. 3.
Jacob Bean, Helen Bobritzky Mules Notable Acquisitions, 1980-1981: Drawings. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1981, p. 48, ill.
Werner Sumowski Drawings of the Rembrandt School. vol. 7, New York, 1983, p. 3644.