These four vases, which are said to have been found together, are best paralleled by pieces found by Heinrich Schliemann at Troy in a stratigraphic level know as Troy II. The wealth of jewelry and objects from the latest phase, Troy IIg, led Schliemann to believe that he had found the city described by Homer. In reality, this material is datable to about a thousand years before the Trojan War.
By 1974, collection of Norbert Schimmel; acquired October 10, 1989, gift of the Norbert Schimmel Trust.
Muscarella, Oscar White. 1974. Ancient Art: The Norbert Schimmel Collection nos. 1-4, Mainz am Rhein: Verlag Philipp von Zabern.
Ägyptisches Museum und Papyrussammlung, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin. 1978. Von Troja bis Amarna: the Norbert Schimmel Collection, New York, Jürgen Settgast, ed. nos. 1-4, Mainz: Verlag Philipp von Zabern.
Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1990. "One Hundred Twentieth Annual Report of the Trustees for the Fiscal Year July 1, 1989 through June 30, 1990." Annual Report of the Trustees of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 120: p. 26.
Milleker, Elizabeth J. 1992. "Ancient Art: Gifts from The Norbert Schimmel Collection: Greek and Roman." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 49(4): p. 37.
Tolstikov, Vladimir. 1996. The Gold of Troy: Searching for Homer's Fabled City pp. 30-1, 96, 217-8, London: Thames & Hudson Inc.
Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome no. 7, pp. 34, 410, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.