Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Chalcedony scaraboid

Attributed to Epimenes
ca. 500 B.C.
5/8 × 1/2 × 11/16 in. (1.5 × 1.3 × 1.7 cm)
Credit Line:
Fletcher Fund, 1931
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 157
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Epimenes signed his name on a gem now in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. He was probably trained on one of the Aegean islands.
#1030. Chalcedony scaraboid
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Said to be from Naukratis (Carnegie 1908, p. 27).

From at least 1891, collection of the Earl of Southesk; acquired July 20, 1931, purchased from the Earl of Southesk, through Maggs Brothers, London.
Middleton, John Henry. 1891. The Engraved Gems of Classical Times, with a Catalogue of Gems in the Fitzwilliam Museum. pp. 25-6, fig. 17, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Middleton, John Henry and Samuel Savage Lewis. 1892. The Lewis Collection of Gems and Rings in the Possession of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge. London: C.J. Clay and Sons.

Fürtwangler, Adolf. 1900. Die antiken Gemmen: Geschichte der Steinschneidekunst im klassischen Altertum. p. 106, pl. IX, 23, Leipzig, Berlin: Giesecke & Devrient.

Carnegie, James. 1908. Catalogue of the Collection of Antique Gems, Helena Carnegie, ed. no. B8, pp. 27-8, pl. II, London.

Beazley, John D. 1920. The Lewes House Collection of Ancient Gems. p. 21, pl. A, 10, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1931. "A Greek Gem from the Southesk Collection." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 26(11): pp. 257, 267-8.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1936[1934]. A Guide to the Collections, Part 1: Ancient and Oriental Art, 2nd edn. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. p. 285, pl. 125n, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1956[1920]. Catalogue of Engraved Gems of the Classical Style: Greek Etruscan, and Roman. no. 42, p. 12, pl. 7, Rome: L'Erma di Bretschneider.

Boardman, John. 1970. Greek Gems and Finger Rings: Early Bronze Age to Late Classical. pp. 142, 184, pl. 357, London: Thames and Hudson, London.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1970. "The Department of Greek and Roman Art: Triumphs and Tribulations." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 3: pp. 83, 86, 88, fig. 26.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1970. Masterpieces of Fifty Centuries. no. 76, p. 122, New York: Dutton.

Cook, Robert Manuel. 1973[1972]. Greek Art: Its Development, Character, and Influence. p. 168, pl. 69e, New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux.

Thimme, Jürgen. 1976. Kunst und Kultur der Kykladeninseln im 3. Jahrtausend v. Chr.: Ausstellung unter d. Patronat des International Council of Museums ICOM im Karlsruher Schloss vom 25. Juni-10. Oktober 1976. no. 38, p. 57, Karlsruhe: Müller.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1987. Greece and Rome. no. 38, p. 57, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Mertens, Joan R., Dr. 1989. "Timeas's Scarab." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 24: p. 54, figs. 4-5.

Howard Kathleen. 1994. Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide: Works of Art Selected by Philippe De Montebello pp. 27f., fig. 3, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 2006[1920]. Catalogue of Engraved Gems of the Classical Style: Greek Etruscan, and Roman, 2nd edn. no. 42, p. 12, pl. 7, color pl. 2, Rome: L'Erma di Bretschneider.

Zwierlein-Diehl, Erika. 2007. Antike Gemmen und ihr Nachleben. fig. 8, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter & Co.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 2012. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide. p. 69, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Villing, Alexandra. 2015. "" Naukratis: Greeks in Egypt. PA.20, London: British Museum.

Lapatin, Kenneth. 2015. Luxus: The Sumptuous Arts of Greece and Rome. no. 82, pp. 121, 130, 243, pl. 82, Los Angeles, CA: J. Paul Getty Museum.

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