Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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The Relief of Vienna, September 12, 1683

Artist:
Johan Ignaz Bendl (late 17th century–died ca. 1730)
Date:
1683
Culture:
Austrian
Medium:
Ivory
Dimensions:
Diameter: 3 5/16 in. (8.4 cm)
Classification:
Sculpture-Miniature
Credit Line:
Gift of the Misses Josephine and Sarah Lazarus, 1890
Accession Number:
90.16.1a
Not on view
This medal commemorates the end of the two-month siege of Vienna by the Ottomans, when the forces commanded by Jan Sobieski of Poland subdued the Muslim enemy. The obverse shows portraits of the Christian allies: Pope Innocent XI, Emperor Leopold I, King John III of Poland, and Marcantonio Giustiniani, doge of Venice. On the reverse, the eagles of the Habsburgs and Poland surround the carcass of a camel, symbolizing the Turkish army; Venetian boats arrive in the distance. "For wheresoever the carcass is, there will the eagles be gathered together" (Matthew 24:28) is inscribed on the banner.
Signature: Engraved on tranche: J.I. Bendl

Inscription: Obverse, in margin: INNOC • XI • PONT • LEOP • I • IMP • JOA • III • REX • POLO • M • A • JUSTIN • VE • DUX [trans.: Innocentius XI Pontifex Maximus, Leopoldus I. Imperator, Joannes III. Rex Poloniae. Marcus Antonius Justinianus, Venetiae Dux]

Reverse, above on flying scroll: UBICUNQUE FUERIT CORPUS, ILLIC CONGREGABUNTUR AQUILAE.MATT.XXIV.28 [trans.: Wheresoever the carcase is, there will the eagles be gathered together]
Josephine and Sarah Lazarus , New York (until 1890; to MMA)
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