Encompasses present-day Portugal and Spain
Under Roman control, the Iberian Peninsula prospers commercially and politically in the first and second centuries A.D., until the Moors attack from North Africa in the latter part of the second century. The Franks from the middle and lower Rhine regions devastate the Hispanic provinces in the third century. In the aftermath, Diocletian divides the peninsula into six Roman provinces that survive only until the Visigoths establish their kingdom in 409.
68 A.D. Galba, governor of the Roman province in northern Spain, declares himself emperor but reigns only a few months.
- ca. 70 A.D.The Roman emperor
Vespasian grants Latin rights to all Spanish communities. Towns prosper
under the new charters.
- 98 A.D.Trajan, born at Italica
in southern Spain, becomes Roman emperor. In 117 A.D., he is succeeded
by Hadrian, another Spaniard. They are the first Romans from outside Italy
to gain the imperial purple.
- 172175 A.D. The Moors
from northern Africa invade Spain.
- 253276 A.D.The Franks
from the middle and lower Rhine regions launch intermittent attacks on
northern Spain. Eventually, the peninsula, with the Balearic Islands and
the Tingitana region, is divided into six provinces by Diocletian.
- early 4th century A.D. A powerful
church emerges at the Council of Illiberis (near modern-day Granada),
and Hosius, bishop of Corduba (Córdoba), confirms its influence. It inspires the
work of Prudentius in the late fourth century and survives the barbarian
invasions of the fifth century.
"Iberian Peninsula, 1500 A.D.". In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/ht/?period=05®ion=eusi (October 2000)