List of Rulers of Byzantium

  • Portrait head of Emperor Constantine
    26.229
  • Solidus of Constantius II (Sole Emperor, 350-361)
    04.35.18
  • Theodosius Arrives at Ephesus (Scene from the Legend of the Seven Sleepers)
    1980.263.4
  • Solidus of Justinian I
    99.35.7406
Early Byzantium Emperors
Constantine I the Great (26.229)
324–337 A.D.
Constantios (Constantius) II (04.35.18)
337–361 A.D.
Julian
361–363 A.D.
Jovian
363–364 A.D.
Valens
364–378 A.D.
Theodosios (Theodosius) I
379–395 A.D.
Arkadios (Arcadius)
395–408 A.D.
Theodosios (Theodosius) II (1980.263.4)
408–450 A.D.
Marcian
450–457 A.D.
Leo I
457–474 A.D.
Leo II
474 A.D.
Zeno
474–475 A.D.
Basiliscos (Basiliscus)
475–476 A.D.
Zeno (again)
476–491 A.D.
Anastasios (Anastasius) I
491–518 A.D.
Justin I
518–527
527–565
Justin II
565–578
Tiberios II Constantinos (Tiberius II Constantinus)
578–582
Maurice
582–602
Phokas (Phocas) I
602–610
Herakleios (Heraclius)
610–641
Constantine III and Herakleonas (Heracleonas)
641
Herakleonas (Heracleonas)
641
Constans II
641–668
Constantine IV
668–685
Justinian II (first reign)
685–695
Leontios (Leontius)
695–698
Tiberios (Tiberius) III
698–705
Justinian II (second reign)
705–711
Philippicos (Philippicus)
711–713
Anastasios (Anastasius) II
713–715
Theodosios (Theodosius) III
715–717
Leo III
717–741
Constantine V
741–775
Leo IV
775–780
Constantine VI
780–797
Irene
797–802
Nikephoros (Nicephorus) I
802–811
Stauracios (Stauracius)
811
Michael I Rangabe
811–813
Leo V
813–820
Michael II
820–829
Theophilos (Theophilus)
829–842
Michael III
842–867
Middle Byzantium Emperors
Basil I, the Macedonian
867–886
Leo VI, the Wise
886–912
Alexander
912–913
Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos (Porphyrogenitus)
913–959
Romanos I Lekapenos (Romanus I Lecapenos)
920–944
Romanos (Romanus) II
959–963
Nikephoros II Phokas (Nicephorus II Phocas)
963–969
John I Tzimiskes (Tzimisces)
969–976
Basil II
976–1025
Constantine VIII
1025–1028
Romanos III Argyros (Romanus III Argyrus)
1028–1034
Michael IV
1034–1041
Michael V
1041–1042
Zoë and Theodora
1042
Constantine IX Monomachos (Monomachus)
1042–1055
Theodora (again)
1055–1056
Michael VI
1056–1057
Isaac I Komnenos (Comnenus)
1057–1059
Constantine X Doukas (Ducas)
1059–1067
Romanos (Romanus) IV Diogenes
1068–1071
Michael VII Doukas (Ducas)
1071–1078
Nikephoros (Nicephorus) III Botaneiates
1078–1081
Alexios I Komnenos (Alexius I Comnenus)
1081–1118
John II Komnenos (Comnenus)
1118–1143
Manuel I Komnenos (Comnenus)
1143–1180
Alexios II Komnenos (Alexius II Comnenus)
1181–1183
Andronikos I Komnenos (Andronicus I Comnenos)
1183–1185
Isaac II Angelos (Angelus)
1185–1195
Alexios III Angelos (Alexius III Angelus)
1195–1203
Isaac II (again) and Alexios IV Angelos (Alexius IV Angelus)
1203–1204
Alexios V Murtzuphlos (Alexius V Murtzuphlus)
1204
Nicaean Emperors
Theodore I Laskaris (Lascaris)
1204–1222
John III Doukas (Ducas) Vatatzes
1222–1254
Theodore II Laskaris (Lascaris)
1254–1258
John IV Laskaris (Lascaris)
1258–1261
Late Byzantium Emperors (The Palaiologoi)
Michael VIII Palaiologos (Palaeologus)
1259–1282
Andronikos II Palaiologos (Andronicus II Palaeologus)
1282–1328
Andronikos III Palaiologos (Andronicus III Palaeologus)
1328–1341
John V Palaiologos (Palaeologus)
1341–1391
John VI Kantakouzenos (Cantacuzenus)
1347–1354
Andronikos IV Palaiologos (Andronicus IV Palaeologus)
1376–1379
John VII Palaiologos (Palaeologus)
1390
Manuel II Palaiologos (Palaeologus)
1391–1425
John VIII Palaiologos (Palaeologus)
1425–1448
Constantine XI Palaiologos
1449–1453

Department of Medieval Art and The Cloisters, The Metropolitan Museum of Art

October 2003

Citation

Department of Medieval Art and The Cloisters. “List of Rulers of Byzantium.” In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/byru/hd_byru.htm (October 2003)

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