Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

Camel

Date:
first half 12th century (possibly 1129–34)
Geography:
Made in Castile-León, Spain
Culture:
Spanish
Medium:
Fresco transferred to canvas
Dimensions:
Overall: 97 x 53 1/2 in. (246.4 x 135.9 cm)
Classification:
Paintings-Fresco
Credit Line:
The Cloisters Collection, 1961
Accession Number:
61.219
On view at The Met Cloisters in Gallery 1
A hermitage was constructed in the first half of the eleventh century at San Baudelio de Berlanga, which was situated along part of the frontier between Islamic and Christian lands. (The site is halfway between Madrid and Saragossa, just north of today’s main road.) The church interior was transformed a century later, after the hermitage at Berlanga came under the control of an agent of Alfonso I, king of Aragon and Navarre, in 1129. Two cycles of vibrant wall paintings were created for the community of monks established there; scenes from the Life of Christ were set on an upper level, while images of animals and hunting decorated the lower wall. The camel was associated with the lands of the Bible, but also with power, luxury, and the exotic.
From the hermitage of San Baudelio de Berlanga, near Soria; [ Leon Levi(from 1922)] ; [ Gabriel Dereppe, Paris and New York (by 1927–sold 1952)] ; co-owned by Clowes Fund and Elijah B. Martindale(1952–61)
Cook, Walter W.S., and José Gudiol Ricart. Pintura e imaginería románicas. Ars Hispaniae, Vol. 6. 1st ed. Madrid: Editorial Plus Ultra S. A., 1950. pp. 139-49.

Anthony, Edgar Waterman. Romanesque Frescoes. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1951. pp. 181-83, fig. 449.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Ninety-Second Annual Report of the Trustees of The Metropolitan Museum of Art for the Fiscal Year 1961-1962." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 21, no. 2 (October 1962). p. 80.

Baetjer, Katharine. European Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art by artists born in or before 1865: A summary catalogue. Vol. 1. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1980. p. 175.

Baetjer, Katharine. European Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art by artists born in or before 1865: A summary catalogue. Vol. 2. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1980. p. 185.

Schrader, J. L. "A Medieval Bestiary." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 44, no. 1 (Summer 1986). p. 29.

Little, Charles T., ed. The Art of Medieval Spain, A.D. 500–1200. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1993. no. 103, pp. 223-228.

Baetjer, Katharine. European Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art by artists born in or before 1895: A summary catalogue. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1995. p. 145.

La ermita de San Baudelio de Berlanga. Las pinturas de la bóveda: Avance de la restauration. Valladolid: Junta de Castilla y León, Consejería de cultura y bienestar social, 2001. pp. 15-16.

Jiménez-Blanco, María Dolores, and Cindy Mack. Arte español en Nueva York: Guía. Madrid: Hispanic Society of America, 2004.



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