Art/ Collection/ Art Object

The Temptation of Christ by the Devil

Date:
first half 12th century (possibly 1129–34)
Geography:
Made in Castile-León, Spain
Culture:
Spanish
Medium:
Fresco transferred to canvas
Dimensions:
69 1/2 in. × 9 ft. 10 in. (176.5 × 299.7 cm)
Classification:
Paintings-Fresco
Credit Line:
The Cloisters Collection and Gift of E.B. Martindale, 1961
Accession Number:
61.248
On view at The Met Cloisters in Gallery 2
The hermitage of San Baudelio de Berlanga was constructed in the beginning of the eleventh century at the heart of the frontier between Islamic and Christian lands. One hundred fifty years later, its extraordinary palm-vaulted interior was transformed with the addition of two cycles of vibrant paintings: an extensive Christological cycle at the top and scenes of hunting and animals at the bottom, derived from Islamic art. The large figures of the biblical cycle, the clear outlines, and the radiant colors ensured that the story would be legible from the floor. The fresco conflates three episodes from Christ's Temptation. At the left, the Devil dares Christ to turn stones into bread. In the middle, Satan challenges Christ, standing on the gable of the Temple, to throw himself down. The angel talking to a demon at the right refers to the last temptation of Christ, who, after refusing to worship the Devil, is ministered by angels.
From the hermitage of San Baudelio de Berlanga, near Soria; [ Leon Levi(from 1922)] ; [ Gabriel Dereppe, Paris and New York (by 1927–sold 1952)] ; co-owned by Clowes Fund and Elijah B. Martindale(1952–61)
Cook, Walter W.S., and José Gudiol Ricart. Pintura e imaginería románicas. Ars Hispaniae, Vol. 6. 1st ed. Madrid: Editorial Plus Ultra S. A., 1950. pp. 139-49.

Anthony, Edgar Waterman. Romanesque Frescoes. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1951. pp. 181-83.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Ninety-Second Annual Report of the Trustees of The Metropolitan Museum of Art for the Fiscal Year 1961-1962." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 21, no. 2 (October 1962). p. 80.

Frinta, Mojmír S. "The Frescoes From San Baudelio De Berlanga." Gesta 1/2 (1964). np, fig. 3.

Baetjer, Katharine. European Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art by artists born in or before 1865: A summary catalogue. Vol. 2. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1980. p. 187.

Baetjer, Katharine. European Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art by artists born in or before 1865: A summary catalogue. Vol. 1. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1980. p. 175.

Little, Charles T., ed. The Art of Medieval Spain, A.D. 500–1200. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1993. no. 103, pp. 223-228.

Baetjer, Katharine. European Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art by artists born in or before 1895: A summary catalogue. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1995. p. 145.

La ermita de San Baudelio de Berlanga. Las pinturas de la bóveda: Avance de la restauration. Valladolid: Junta de Castilla y León, Consejería de cultura y bienestar social, 2001. pp. 15-16.



Related Objects

Camel

Date: first half 12th century (possibly 1129–34) Medium: Fresco transferred to canvas Accession: 61.219 On view in:Gallery 1

Lion

Date: after 1200 Medium: Fresco, mounted on canvas Accession: 31.38.1a, b On view in:Gallery 1

Dragon

Date: after 1200 Medium: Fresco, mounted on canvas Accession: 31.38.2a, b On view in:Gallery 1

The Healing of the Blind Man and the Raising of Lazarus

Date: first half 12th century (possibly 1129–34) Medium: Fresco transferred to canvas Accession: 59.196 On view in:Gallery 2

Crucifix

Date: ca. 1150–1200 Medium: White oak with paint, gold leaf, and tin leaf (corpus); softwood with paint and tin leaf (cross) Accession: 35.36a, b On view in:Gallery 2