H. 77 15/16 in. (198 cm); W. at shoulders 27 9/16 in. (70 cm); D. at belly 21 5/8 in. (55 cm); Wt. 499.8 lb. (226.7 kg)
Lent by Emperor Qinshihuang's Mausoleum Site Museum
Not on view
This unarmored figure can be identified as a military officer by his size (larger than most) and headdress (a distinctive cap split into two folded peaks). The cap may refer to the “pheasant’s-tail cap” recorded in Chinese historical texts, in which case two feathers would have been inserted at the back. Such caps became customary adornment for military officers, owing to the pheasant’s combative nature. It is still uncertain which of the figures’ features indicate their ranks and responsibilities, though the bows on the armors of some terracotta generals are speculated to signal rank.
Excavated from Pit no. 1 of Qin Mausoleum, Lintong, Xi’an, Shaanxi,1978
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Age of Empires: Chinese Art of the Qin and Han Dynasties (221 B.C.–A.D. 200)," April 3, 2017–July 16, 2017.
Shaanxi sheng kaogu yanjiuyuan 陝西省考古研究院 (Shannxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology) and Shaanxi shihuang ling qinyong keng kaogu wajuedui 陝西始皇陵秦俑坑考古挖掘隊 (Excavation Team of the Terracotta Army Pits of the First Emperor). Qinshihuang ling bingmayong keng: yihao keng fajue baogao: 1974-1984 秦始皇陵兵馬俑坑：一號坑發掘報告（1974-1984 ）(The terracotta army pits in the mausoleum of Qinshihuang: excavation report of Pit no.1: 1974–1984). Beijing: Wenwu Press, 1988: 51-55.