Archival Labels
Still Life with Clarinet (Bottle and Clarinet)
Georges Braque
Céret, summer–autumn 1911
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Galerie Simon

The Galerie Simon label on the back of Braque’s Still Life with Clarinet (Bottle and Clarinet) (1911) lists the work’s dimensions, stock number (no. 6852), and photo number (no. 1015). It is telling that the label is pasted on top of one from the Galerie Kahnweiler as the two galleries were successive businesses both run by the German dealer Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler. 

After Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler returned to Paris from his Swiss exile during World War I, he opened the Galerie Simon, which was named after his partner and financial backer André Cahen, known as André Simon. The business existed from September 1920 until 1940, when it was closed due to World War II. 

Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler ran the Galerie Kahnweiler until World War I. After the war, his stock was seized by the French state and liquidated at a series of four sequestration sales held at the Hôtel Drouot between 1921 and 1923.  Kahnweiler was prohibited by French law from purchasing any works of his former collection in the four sales, so he formed what is known as the “Kahnweiler syndicate,” with the German dealer Alfred Flechtheim, Swiss collector Hermann Rupf, his brother Gustav Kahnweiler, Louise Leiris, and Hans Forchheimer. The syndicate bid under the pseudonym “Grassat”and the works it purchased were for Kahnweiler's new gallery. Among their purchases was Braque’s Still Life with Clarinet (Bottle and Clarinet), which they acquired at the second sale for 380 francs.

In contrast to his modest prewar gallery, Kahnweiler’s Galerie Simon, located at 29 bis, rue d’Astorg, was comprised of four light-filled large exhibition halls. The location had been secured with the help of the artist Amédée Ozenfant, with whom Kahnweiler had become acquainted in Switzerland during the war, and Charles-Édouard Jeanneret, the painter and architect who would change his name to Le Corbusier that year, who rented a neighboring space from the same landlord.

For more information, see:

Assouline, Pierre. An Artful Life: A Biography of D.H. Kahnweiler. Translated by Charles Ruas. New York: G. Weidenfeld, 1990.

Bois, Yve-Alain. “Kahnweiler’s Lesson.” In Yve-Alain Bois, Painting as Model, pp. 65–100. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1993.

Kahnweiler, Daniel-Henry. The Rise of Cubism. Translated by Henry Aronson. Introduction by Robert Motherwell. Documents of Modern Art 9. New York: Wittenborn, Schultz, 1949.

Kahnweiler, Daniel-Henry, with Francis Crémieux. My Galleries and Painters. Translated by Helen Weaver. New York: Viking Press, 1971.

Monod-Fontaine, Isabelle. Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler: marchand, éditeur, écrivain. Exh. cat. Centre Georges Pompidou, Musée National d'Arte Moderne, Paris, 1984–85. Paris: Centre Georges Pompidou, 1984.

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