Jambhala, God of Riches

late Anuradhapura period
9th–10th century
Sri Lanka, Anuradhapura
Copper alloy
H. 3 11/16 in. (9.3 cm); W. 2 3/4 in. (7 cm); D. 2 3/8 in. (6 cm)
Credit Line:
Gift of Barry Fernando, M.D. and Coleene Fernando, M.D., 2010
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 242
In Mahayana Buddhism, Jambhala is the god of riches and the guardian of the northern direction. He is the Buddhist equivalent of Kubera, the ancient nature spirit (yaksha) absorbed in early Hinduism as the protector of jewels and other treasures. Jambhala serves as the chief of the yaksha; his secondary role as a directional guardian (dikpaka) was probably assumed later.
Joseph Fernando , Sri Lanka and USA (by 1956 until d.; by descent to son); Dr. Quintus and Mrs. Wimala Fernando , Phoenix, AZ (until d. 2004; by descent to Barry Fernando); Dr. Barry Fernando , Phoenix, AZ (2004–2010; donated to MMA)
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Buddhist Art of Sri Lanka," 2010.

Asian Art (35,639)