Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Mummy of Artemidora

Roman Period
A.D. 90–100
From Egypt, Middle Egypt, Meir, Khashaba excavations, 1910–11
Human remains, linen, mummification material, painted, plastered, and gilded cartonnage
L. 196 cm (77 3/16 in); W. 53 cm (20 7/8 in)
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1911
Accession Number:
11.155.5a, b
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 138
The mask portrays a young woman lying flat as if upon her bier. Her hair is arranged in tiers of snail curls over her forehead. Alongside her face flows a black Egyptian-style wig, the long locks bound with narrow rings of gold in pharaonic fashion. She wears a dark red tunic with black clavi (stripes) edged in gold. The jewelry includes snake bracelets and gold ball earrings. At the back of the head is support decorated with imagery signifying rebirth, including a dark blue glass scarab beetle. Attached to the wrappings of the mummy are gold appliqué figures of Osiris, Isis and Nephthys.

On the bottom of the foot is an image of Anubis bearing the disk of the moon. Set in a tabula ansata above this is a conventional Greek funerary inscription, "Artemidora, daughter of Harpokras, died untimely, aged 27. Farewell." C.A.T. scans of the mummy likewise suggest an age of 25 to 30.
#3575: Mummy of Artemidora
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#3694: Mummy of Artemidora
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Excavated by Ahmed Kamal for Said Bey Khashaba in 1910. Purchased from Khashaba by J. P. Morgan and presented to the Museum, 1911

Kamal, Ahmed Bey 1914. "Rapport sur les fouilles exécutées dans la zone comprise entre Déirout au nord et Déir-el-Ganadlah au sud." In Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Égypte, 14, pp. 62–3.

Grimm, Günter 1974. Die Römischen Mumienmasken aus Ägypten. Wiesbaden: Steiner, pp. 14n6, 64, 77, 82, 108, 120, 134 C2, pl. C1.

Riggs, Christina 2005. The Beautiful Burial in Roman Egypt: Art, Identity, and Funerary Religion. Oxford, pp. 110–15, 117, 118, 119, 121, 122–24, 247, 270–71; figs. 48, 49, pl. 4.

Riggs, Christina 2012. "Portraits, Prestige, Piety: Images of Women in Roman Egypt." In Companion to Women in the Ancient World, pp.428–9.

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