Workshop of Manuel Ramírez (Spanish, Alhama de Aragon, 1864–1916)
Spruce, rosewood, cedar, ebony, ivory or bone
Height (Total): 38 in. (96.5 cm) Width (At lower bouts): 10 9/16 in. (26.9 cm)
Gift of Emilita Segovia, Marquessa of Salobreña, 1986
Not on view
This guitar was used by the legendary guitarist Andrés Segovia. From the plugged holes in the peghead, it would appear that this instrument was originally made as an eleven string guitar, a design popular in Andalusia during the last half of the nineteenth century. It was undoubtedly converted to its present six-string configuration prior to its acquisition by Segovia. In addition to the label of Manuel Ramírez, a repair label was placed inside by Santos Hernández in 1922. At the time this instrument was made, Hernández worked for Ramírez. The two-piece back is made of Brazilian rosewood; the two-piece top is of spruce.
Andrés Segovia launched his career playing this guitar; he concertized and recorded with it from 1912 to 1937 and played it at his United States debut in New York's Town Hall in 1929.
Marking: 1) (labelled) Manuel Ramirez/Constructor/Luthier del Conservatorio Nacional/Año 1912/Arlaban 10.-Madrid (12 is handwritten); 2) (labelled) Santos Hernandez/-Luthier-Año 1922/MadrId aduana 27 (22 is handwritten); 3) Restaurado por/Hernandez (handwritten diagonally across label).
Mrs. Andrés Segovia, Marquessa of Salobreña ; Andrés Segovia (1911–1986) ; Manuel Ramírez (until 1911)
Written by, Egberto Bermudez, Pepe Rey, Gerardo Arriaga, Cristina Bordas inThe Spanish Guitar: La Guitarra Española. Exhibition catalogue., 1991 The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1991, pg. 166-168, cat. 29, ill.
"Recent Acquisitions 1986-1987: A Selection: Musical Instruments." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin (1987), pg. 55, ill.