The Belau archipelago comprises one large and numerous smaller islands north of New Guinea. In Belauan society, men are grouped according to age and status. Until the mid-twentieth century, each group had a separate men's house in which they spent most of their time. Men's houses were impressive structures with high pitched roofs and large triangular gables, decorated with carvings and paintings. The interior beams and gable planks were adorned with incised and painted images depicting scenes from local legends. Female figures such as this one were often placed above the entrance to the men's house. The figures depict a legendary woman named Dilukai whose excessive promiscuity caused her angry father to tie her in an exposed position to warn village women to be more chaste. Ironically, men's houses were frequently home to prostitutes sent from other villages to earn wealth for their families.
Dr. Augustin Kraemer, collected 1908–1910; Linden-Museum, Stuttgart, Germany; [Everett Rassiga, New York, until 1970]; The Museum of Primitive Art, New York, 1970–1978
Krämer, Augustin. "Palau." In Ergebnisse der Südsee-Expedition, 1908-1910. Ethnographie. Vol. vol. 3. 1926, Plate 4.
The American Federation of Arts. Primitive Art Masterworks: an exhibition jointly organized by the Museum of Primitive Art and the American Federation of Arts, New York. New York: The American Federation of Arts, 1974, No. 100.
Newton, Douglas. Masterpieces of Primitive Art: The Nelson A. Rockefeller Collection. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1978, p. 166.
Heermann, Ingrid. "Dilukais Blick über Grenzen." In Auf Spurensuche: Forschungsberichte aus und um Ozeanien zum 65. Geburtstag von Dieter Heintze. Bremen: Übersee-Museum Bremen, 2004, p. 233, 234, 236.
Kjellgren, Eric. Oceania: Art of the Pacific Islands in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York and New Haven: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2007, 158, 267-8.
Kjellgren, Eric. How to Read Oceanic Art. How to Read 3. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2014, pp. 128–31.