These helmets and the three mitrai exhibited below them are the finest pieces of a large cache of armor that came to light in southern central Crete, where it was undoubtedly made. The inscriptions suggest that the armor was captured as booty and offered as a dedication. In repoussé on both sides of one helmet is a pair of winged youths grasping a pair of intertwined snakes. Below them are two panthers with a common head. The helmet is inscribed "Neopolis." In repoussé on both sides of the other helmet is a horse; incised on each cheekpiece is a lion. The inscription states that Synenitos, the son of Euklotas, took this object.
Inscription: [on left side of helmet with horses] "Synenitos the son of Euklotas [took this]"; [above visor of helmet with winged youths] "Neopolis"
Said to be from Afrati, Crete (Hoffman 1972, p. 1).
At least from 1967, collection of Norbert Schimmel; acquired October 26, 1989, gift of the Norbert Schimmel Trust.
Mitten, David Gordon and Suzannah F. Doeringer. 1967. Master Bronzes from the Classical World nos. 29-30, pp. 45-9, Mainz am Rhein: Verlag Philipp von Zabern.
Matz, Friedrich. 1970. Dädalische Kunst auf Kreta im 7. Jahrhundert v. Chr nos. A1, A2, pp. 28-30, pls. I, 5, 6, Mainz am Rhein: Verlag Philipp von Zabern.
Hoffmann, Herbert and Antony Erich Raubitschek. 1972. Early Cretan Armorers. nos. H1, H2, pp. 2-4, pls. 1-10, Mainz: Verlag Philipp von Zabern.
Muscarella, Oscar White. 1974. Ancient Art: The Norbert Schimmel Collection nos. 14-5, Mainz am Rhein: Verlag Philipp von Zabern.
Neumann, Gunter. 1974. "Zu den kretischen Kriegernamen auf den Waffen von Afrati." Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung, : pp. 32-40.
Hampe, Roland and Erika Simon. 1980. Un Millénaire d'Art Grec 1600-600. p. 125, pls. 189-91, Fribourg, Suisse: Office du Livre.
Milleker, Elizabeth J. 1992. "Ancient Art: Gifts from The Norbert Schimmel Collection: Greek and Roman." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 49(4): p. 38.
von Bothmer, Dietrich, Carlos A. Picón, Joan R. Mertens, and Elizabeth J. Milleker. 1993. "Recent Acquisitions: A Selection 1992–1993: Ancient World." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 51(2): p. 38.