Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Terracotta amphora (jar)

Signed by Andokides as potter
Attributed to the Andokides Painter for red-figure decoration
Attributed to the Lysippides Painter for black-figure decoration
ca. 530 B.C.
Greek, Attic
Terracotta; red-figure/bilingual
H. 22 5/8 in. (57.5 cm)
Credit Line:
Purchase, Joseph Pulitzer Bequest, 1963
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 155
On the body, obverse, Herakles and Apollo vying for possession of the Delphic tripod, which was central to the oracle of Apollo; reverse, Dionysos, the god of wine, between satyr and maenad
On the lip, obverse and reverse, Herakles and the Nemean Lion

The introduction of the red-figure technique is attributed to the workshop of Andokides. While we think of red-figure mainly in terms of drawing, it differs from black-figure also in the very different apportionment of glazed and unglazed surfaces on a vase. The preparation of these surfaces was probably the responsibility of the potter, and for this reason, the new technique is associated with a potter rather than a painter. On some works combining red-figure and black-figure, a single painter seems to have done both; here, however, two different artists are likely. The scene on the obverse depicts the hero Herakles with his club and the god Apollo with bow and arrows, struggling over the Delphic tripod, which Herakles sought to carry off.
#1025: Terracotta amphora (jar), Part 1
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#1449: Terracotta amphora (jar), Part 2
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Signature: Signed by Andokides as potter
von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1964. "Reports of the Departments." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 23(2): pp. 72-3.

von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1966. "Andokides the Potter and the Andokides Painter." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 24(6): pp. 201–5, 208–9, 211–15.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1970. "The Department of Greek and Roman Art: Triumphs and Tribulations." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 3: pp. 85, 87, fig. 32.

Beazley, John D. 1971. Paralipomena: Additions to Attic Black-Figure Vase-Painters and to Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters [2nd edition]. p. 320, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1972. Greek Vase Painting: An Introduction. no. 15, pp. 5, 28–29, 69, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1972. "Greek Vase Painting." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 31(1): no. 11, pp. 5, 28–29, 67.

Mertens, Joan R. 1974. "Attic White-Ground Cups: A Special Class of Vases." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 9: p. 91.

Hermary, Antoine. 1978. "Images de l'apothéose des Dioscures." Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique, 102(1): p. 66 n. 61.

Wehgartner, Irma. 1983. Attisch Weissgrundige Keramik: Maltechniken, Werkstätten, Formen, Verwendung. p. 6, Mainz am Rhein: Verlag Philipp von Zabern.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1987. Greece and Rome. no. 34, pp. 50-1, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1988. Eros-Herakles, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 4. Herakles, nos. 1861, 2985, Zürich: Artemis Verlag.

Cohen, Beth and University of Chicago Press. 1991. "The Literate Potter: A Tradition of Incised Signatures on Attic Vases." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 26: pp. 60–61, 63, figs. 16–17.

Howard Kathleen. 1994. Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide: Works of Art Selected by Philippe De Montebello. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Coulié, Anne. 2000. "Les vases à reliefs thasiens de l'époque archaïque." Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique, 124(1): p. 145 n. 102.

Moore, Mary B. 2001. "Andokides and a Curious Attic Black-Figured Amphora." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 36: pp. 20, 23–25, figs. 9–11.

Cohen, Beth. 2006. "Bilingual Vases and Vase Painters." The Colors of Clay: Special Techniques in Athenian Vases, Beth Cohen, ed. pp. 20, 25, n. 15, Malibu: J. Paul Getty Trust.

Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome no. 94, pp. 89, 423, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Moore, Mary B. 2007. "The Princeton Painter in New York." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 42: pp. 35, 38–39, fig. 27.

Mertens, Joan R. 2010. How to Read Greek Vases. no. 20, pp. 13, 24-25, 98, 104-7, 116, 140, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

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