Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Marble statue of a kouros (youth)

Period:
Archaic
Date:
ca. 590–580 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Marble, Naxian
Dimensions:
H. without plinth 76 5/8 in. (194.6 cm); H. of head 12 in. (30.5 cm); length of face 8 7/8 in. (22.6 cm); shoulder width 20 5/16 in. (51.6 cm)
Classification:
Stone Sculpture
Credit Line:
Fletcher Fund, 1932
Accession Number:
32.11.1
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 154
This is one of the earliest marble statues of a human figure carved in Attica. The rigid stance, with the left leg forward and arms at the side, was derived from Egyptian art. The pose provided a clear, simple formula that was used by Greek sculptors throughout the sixth century B.C. In this early figure, almost abstract, geometric forms predominate; and anatomical details are rendered in beautiful analogous patterns. The statue marked the grave of a young Athenian aristocrat.
#117: The Director's Tour, First Floor: Statue of a Kouros (Youth), Part 1
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#5869: The Director's Tour, First Floor: Statue of a Kouros (Youth), Part 2
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For Audio Guide tours and information, visit metmuseum.org/audioguide.
Said to be from Attica (Richter 1931, p. 220)

Acquired October 6, 1931, purchased from Jacob Hirsch, New York.
1932. "Editorial Comment." American Journal of Archaeology, 36(4): p. 381, pl. A.

Beazley, John D. 1932. Greek Sculpture & Painting to the End of the Hellenistic Period. p. 20, fig. 34, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1932. "The Archaic Greek Statue." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 27(10): pp. 217-23, figs. 1-4.

Richter, Gisela M. A. and Irma A. Richter. 1934–1936. "The Archaic 'Apollo' in the Metropolitan Museum." Metropolian Museum Studies, 5: pp. 20-57, figs. 1-14, 23.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1936[1934]. A Guide to the Collections, Part 1: Ancient and Oriental Art, 2nd edn. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1939. Guide to the Collections: Ancient and Oriental Art--Egyptian, Mesopotamian, Greek and Roman Far Eastern, Near Eastern Oriental Armor, Vol. 1, World's Fair Edition. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1942. Kouroi: A Study of the Development of the Greek Kouros from the Late Seventh to the Early Fifth Century B.C.. no. 1, pp. 63-6, pls. VI-VIII, figs. 19-26, XIII, fig. 42, XX, fig. 67, CXXXII, figs. 448-50, New York: Oxford University Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1950. The Sculpture and Sculptors of the Greeks, 3rd edn. pp. 53, 346, fig. 18, New Haven: Yale University Press.

Taylor, Francis Henry. 1952. "The Archaic Smile: A Commentary on the Arts in Times of Crisis." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, 10(8): p. 223.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. pp. 47, 193, pl. 33, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1954. Catalogue of Greek Sculptures. no. 1, pp. 1-2, pls. 1-3, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1970. "The Department of Greek and Roman Art: Triumphs and Tribulations." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 3: pp. 82, 85, fig. 17.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1970. Masterpieces of Fifty Centuries. New York: Dutton.

Hoving, Thomas. 1970. "Director's Choice." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s.: pp. 202-3.

Avery, Catherine B. 1972[1962]. The New Century Handbook of Greek Art and Architecture. p. vii, pl. 1, New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.

Robertson, Martin and Cambridge University Press. 1975. A History of Greek Art, Vols. 1 and 2. p. 45, pl. 10a, Cambridge, England.

Reuterswärd, Patrik. 1980. Studien zur Polychromie der Plastik. pp. 45, n. 75, 66, Stockholm: Bokförlaget Svenska.

Levi, Peter. 1980. Atlas of the Greek World. p. 70, Oxford: Phaidon Press.

Guralnick, Eleanor. 1981. "Proportions of Korai." American Journal of Archaeology, 85(1): pp. 270 n. 12, 278.

Guralnick, Eleanor. 1982. "Profiles of Korai." American Journal of Archaeology, 86(2): pp. 401–5, 40–-9, figs. 2–3.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1987. Greece and Rome. no. 14, pp. 9, 28-9, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Himmelmann, Nikolaus. 1989. Herrscher und Athlet: Die Bronzen vom Quirinal. pp. 69-70, 74, pls. 25a, 25b, Milan: Olivetti.

Stewart, Andrew F. 1990. Greek Sculpture: An Exploration. pp. 34, 108-9, 111-12, pls. 42, no. 3, 43, no. 3, 49-55, New Haven: Yale University Press.

Howard Kathleen. 1994. Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide: Works of Art Selected by Philippe De Montebello. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Métraux, Guy P. R. 1995. Sculptors and Physicians in Fifth-Century Greece: A Preliminary Study. fig. 13, Montréal: McGill-Queen's University Press.

Bol, Peter C. 1997. Liebieghaus-Museum alter Plastik. Fuhrer durch die Sammlungen: Griechische und Romische Plastik. p. 37, Abb. 18, Frankfurt am Main: Liebieghaus Skulpturen Sammlung.

Picón, Carlos A. 1999. "Pleins feux sur l'art grec et romain." Connaissance des Arts, : p. 86.

2002. Der Kuros vom Heiligen Tor : Überraschende Neufunde archaischer Skulptur im Kerameikos in Athen pp. 60-2, Mainz am Rhein: Verlag Philipp von Zabern.

Milleker, Elizabeth J. 2003. Light on Stone: Greek and Roman Sculpture in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, a Photographic Essay. p. 95, pls. 1-5, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Höckmann, Ursula. 2004. "Werke zyprischer Bildhauer im griechischen Naukratis. Eine Kourosstatuette in Oxford." Sepulkral- und Votivdenkmäler östlicher Mittelmeergebiete (7. Jahrhundert v.Chr. - 1. Jahrhundert n.Chr.) : Kulturbegegnungen im Spannungsfeld von Akzeptanz und Resistenz : Akten des Internationalen Symposiums Mainz, 01.-03.11.2001, Renate Bol and Detlev Kreikenbom, eds. p. 63 n. 26, Mönnesee: Bibliopolis.

Brinkmann, Vinzenz. 2007. "The Coloring of Archaic and Early Classical Sculpture." Gods in Color: Painted Sculpture of Classical Antiquity, Vinzenz Brinkmann and Raimund Wünsche, eds. pp. 32-33, fig. 26, Cambridge: Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Harvard Art Museums.

Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome no. 67, pp. 70-71, 419, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Mertens, Joan R. 2010. How to Read Greek Vases. pp. 46, 66, fig. 30, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Carter, Jane B. and Laura J. Steinberg. 2010. "Kouroi and Statisics." American Journal of Archaeology, 114(1): p. 107, fig. 2.

Palagia, Olga. 2010. "Early Archaic Sculpture in Athens." Scolpire il marmo: Importazioni, artisti itineranti, scuole artistiche nel Mediterraneo antico, Gianfranco Adornato, ed. p. 44 n. 34, fig. 15, Milano: LED.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 2012. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide. p. 64, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Lazzarini, Lorenzo and Dr. Clemente Marconi. 2014. "A New Analysis of Major Greek Sculptures in the Metropolitan Museum: Petrological and Stylistic." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 49: pp. 124-5, 129, fig. 20.

Zanker, Paul. 2016. Roman Portraits: Sculptures in Stone and Bronze in the Collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. p. 3, fig. 3, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

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