Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Ivory decorative plaque

2nd half of 7th century B.C.
Overall: 5 3/8 x 2 3/4 x 5/8 in. (13.6 x 7 x 1.6 cm)
Miscellaneous-Bone, Ivory
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 152
This plaque illustrates a mythological subject related to the advent of the god Dionysos in Greece. Because the two daughters of King Proitos of Argos refused to recognize his divinity, they were driven mad and committed violent and unseemly acts until they were healed by the seer Melampos. Here, in their madness, they have unpinned their clothes and stand partially naked.
#1010. Ivory decorative plaque
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Until 1917, collection of J. Pierpont Morgan; acquired December 17, 1917, gift of J. Pierpont Morgan.
Picard, Charles. 1941. Epitymvion Chrēstou Tsounta. pp. 446-51, Athens: Archeion tou Thrakikou Laographikou kai Glōssikou Thēsaurou.

Richter, Gisela Marie Augusta. 1945. "An Ivory Relief in the Metropolitan Museum of Art." American Journal of Archaeology, 49(3): pp. 261–69, figs. 1–4, 6–8.

Picard, Charles. 1946. "Les deux déesses: Ivoire archaïque de la collection J. Pierpont Morgan au Metropolitan Museum, New-York." Revue Archéologique, 6th ser., 26: pp. 93-6, fig. 1.

Schefold, Karl. 1949. Orient, Hellas und Rom in der archäologischen Forschung seit 1939. p. 108, pl. 1, Bern: A. Francke.

Homann-Wedeking, Ernst. 1950. Die Anfänge der griechischen Grossplastik. p. 7, Berlin: Gebr. Mann.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. pp. 31, 180, pl. 20a, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Picard, Charles. 1956. "L'ivoire archaïque des deux-déesses au Metropolitan Museum, New York." Monuments et Mémoires de la Fondation Eugène Piot, 48: pp. 9-23, figs. 1-3, pls. I, II.

Boardman, John. 1964. Greek Art. no. 33 , New York: Praeger.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1970. Masterpieces of Fifty Centuries. New York: Dutton.

Robertson, Martin and Cambridge University Press. 1975. A History of Greek Art, Vols. 1 and 2. p. 141, pl. 8e, Cambridge, England.

Thimme, Jürgen. 1976. Kunst und Kultur der Kykladeninseln im 3. Jahrtausend v. Chr.: Ausstellung unter d. Patronat des International Council of Museums ICOM im Karlsruher Schloss vom 25. Juni-10. Oktober 1976. no. 10, p. 25 , Karlsruhe: Müller.

Böhm, Stephanie. 1990. Die "nackte Göttin": zur Ikonographie und Deutung unbekleideter weiblicher Figuren in der frühgriechischen Kunst. pg. 89f, Tafel 34c, Mainz am Rhein: Verlag Philipp von Zabern.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1994. Oidipous-Theseus, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 7. Peitho, no. 45; Proitides, no. 3, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Strouse, Jean and Joan R. Mertens. 2000. "J. Pierpont Morgan: Financier and Collector." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 57(3): pp. 42–43, fig. 47.

Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome no. 43, pp. 57, 416, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Aruz, Joan, Sarah B. Graff, and Yelena Rakic. 2014. Assyria to Iberia at the Dawn of the Classical Age no. 161, p. 293, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Lapatin, Kenneth. 2015. Luxus: The Sumptuous Arts of Greece and Rome. no. 147, pp. 12, 194, 262, pl. 149, Los Angeles, CA: J. Paul Getty Museum.

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