This sword is said to have been found in an imperial tomb at Mang Shan, north of Luoyang, Henan Province. The P-shaped scabbard mounts, probably derived from long swords worn by nomadic Sarmatian and Sasanian horsemen, served as a prototype for the Japanese tachi (slung sword). The ring pommel takes the form of two confronted dragons.
Mang Shang, Henan Province, China[Yamanaka & Company, New York, until 1930; sold to MMA].
Grancsay, Stephen V. "Two Chinese Swords Dating about A.D. 600." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 25, no. 9 (September 1930). p. 194, figs. 1, 3.
Coe, Michael D., Fred Wilkinson, and Thom Richardson. Swords and Hilt Weapons. New York: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1989. p. 176.
Richardson, Thom. "China and Central Asia." In Swords and Hilt Weapons. New York: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1989. p. 176.
Nickel, Helmut. "The Dragon and the Pearl." Metropolitan Museum Journal 26 (1991). p. 141, fig. 2.
Tom, Philip M. W. "Some Notable Sabers of the Qing Dynasty at the Metropolitan Museum of Art." Metropolitan Museum Journal 36 (2001). pp. 207–208, fig. 3.
Rivkin, Kirill, and Brian Isaac. A Study of the Eastern Sword. Mankato, U.S.: Dr. Kirill Rivkin, 2017. p. 47, fig. 23.a.