Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Foot-Combat Armor of Prince-Elector Christian I of Saxony (reigned 1586–91)

Armorer:
Anton Peffenhauser (German, Augsburg, 1525–1603)
Decorator:
Decoration attributed to Jörg Sorg the Younger (German, Augsburg, ca. 1522–1603)
Date:
1591
Geography:
Augsburg
Culture:
German, Augsburg
Medium:
Steel, gold, leather, copper alloy
Dimensions:
H. 38 11/16 in. (98.2 cm); Wt. 46 lb. 3 oz. (20.96 kg); helmet Wt. 11 lb. 9 oz. (5245 g)
Classification:
Armor for Man-1/2 Armor
Credit Line:
Gift of Henry Walters, 1927
Accession Number:
27.206a–l
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 371
This is one of a set of twelve matching armors for use in foot combat commissioned in 1591 by Sophie of Brandenburg as a Christmas gift for her husband, Christian I (reigned 1586–91). These armors are among the last commissions of Anton Peffenhauser, the leading Augsburg armorer during the second half of the sixteenth century.

Combat on foot between contestants separated by a waist-high barrier was a popular sport in European courts of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. It could be staged indoors or out and was fought with pikes and swords. A prescribed number of blows was allowed with each weapon. The presence of the barrier and strict rules prohibiting strikes below the belt made leg armor unnecessary.
#4426: Foot-Combat Armor of Prince-Elector Christian I of Saxony, Part 1
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#4478: Foot-Combat Armor of Prince-Elector Christian I of Saxony, Part 2
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Marking: Stamped on the breastplate, ventail, elbow cops, and gauntlet thumbs: the Augsburg fir cone mark.
Ex. coll.: National Rüstkammer, Dresden, Germany; Prince Ernst Heinrich, Count Kielmansegg of Berlin, Germany.Margravine Sophia of Brandenburg, Dresden (1591; gift to her husband. Prince Elector Christian, December 25, 1591); Prince Elector Christian I of Saxony, Dresden (1591; by descent through his family to King Friedrich August III); King Friedrich August III of Saxony, Dresden (until 1919; seized by the Free State of Saxony, 1919); The Free State of Saxony (1919–1925; transferred to the Verein Haus Wettin Albertinisches Linie, June 25, 1925); Verein Haus Wettin Albertinische Linie (1925–1927; sold to MMA, February 17, 1927)
Augsburg. Rathaus. "Welt im Umbruch: Augsburg zwischen Renaissance und Barock," June 28–September 28, 1980, no. 949.

Augsburg. Zeughaus. "Welt im Umbruch: Augsburg zwischen Renaissance und Barock," June 28–September 28, 1980, no. 949.

Haenel, Erich. Kostbare Waffen aus der Dresdner Rüstkammer. Leipzig: Hiersemann, 1923. p. 26, pl. 13, fig. b.

Dean, Bashford. "Recent Accessions in the Armor Department." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 23, no. 1 (January 1928). pp. 18, 21, fig. 5.

Grancsay, Stephen V. Historical Armor: A Picture Book. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1944. p. 3, pl. 18.

Grancsay, Stephen V. Historical Armor: A Picture Book. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1946. p. 3, pl. 18.

Grancsay, Stephen V. Historical Armor: A Picture Book. 3rd ed. ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1951. p. 3, pl. 18.

Grancsay, Stephen V. Historical Armor: A Picture Book. 4th ed. ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1957. p. 3, pl. 18.

Evangelisch-Lutherische Kirche in Bayern, International Council of Museums, Rathaus, and Zeughaus. Welt im Umbruch: Augsburg Zwischen Renaissance und Barock. Vol. II. Augsburg: Augsburger Druck- und Verlagshaus, 1980. no. 949.

Tarassuk, Leonid, and Robert Lawrence Wilson. "Aristocratic Arms Collectors: A History of Famous European Aficionados, Part II." Man at Arms 5 (November–December 1983). p. 34, ill.

Pyhrr, Stuart W. "Of Arms and Men: Arms and Armor at the Metropolitan, 1912–2012." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 70, no. 1 (Summer 2012). pp. 22–23, 30, fig. 31.



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