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Part of The American Wing
George Inness (American, Newburgh, New York 1825–1894 Bridge of Allan, Scotland)
Date: ca. 1878Accession Number: 87.8.8
Fitz Henry Lane (formerly Fitz Hugh Lane) (1804–1865)
Date: 1862Accession Number: 1978.203
Worthington Whittredge (1820–1910)
Date: 1870Accession Number: 21.115.4
Martin Johnson Heade (1819–1904)
Date: 1859Accession Number: 1975.160
John Quincy Adams Ward (American, Urbana, Ohio 1830–1910 New York)
Date: 1860, cast before 1910Accession Number: 1973.257
John Frederick Kensett (American, Cheshire, Connecticut 1816–1872 New York)
Date: 1872Accession Number: 74.24
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Thomas and Georgia Gosnell Gallery
Light became the virtual subject for many artists of the later Hudson River School, whose work is displayed in this gallery. Several trends in European art had an impact on American painters, who traveled to the Old World in greater numbers than ever before. Inspired by French Barbizon painting, George Inness strove "to awaken an emotion" with his compositions' fragile beauty and restrained harmonies of color. In addition, new scientific theories involving natural law—foremost among them Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species (1859)—contributed to the changes in landscape art. In their preoccupation with light, these painters articulated simultaneously their interest in naturalistic effects and their perception of the spiritual essence of nature. They chose subjects closer to home, for an emerging vacationing class, that expressed the country's nostalgia for the waning wilderness. Likewise, sculptors embraced a new Realist aesthetic, modeling distinctly American subjects whose democratic overtones appealed to their clientele.
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