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Part of Modern and Contemporary Art
Marsden Hartley (American, Lewiston, Maine 1877–1943 Ellsworth, Maine)
Date: 1914Accession Number: 49.70.42
Vasily Kandinsky (French (born Russia), Moscow 1866–1944 Neuilly-sur-Seine)
Date: 1912Accession Number: 49.70.1
Pablo Picasso (Spanish, Malaga 1881–1973 Mougins, France )
Date: 1915Accession Number: 1996.403.3
Juan Gris (Spanish, Madrid 1887–1927 Boulogne-sur-Seine)
Date: 1913Accession Number: 1996.403.14
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A military term referring to the front line of an infantry unit, the "avant-garde" in the visual arts describes a spirit of self-conscious artistic rebellion against tradition that took many forms in the early twentieth century. It is most commonly associated with specific styles, like Cubism, and artistic movements, like Italian Futurism, that rejected conventional ideals of beauty as superficial.
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