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Part of European Sculpture and Decorative Arts
Francesco Bertos (Italian, 1678–1741)
Date: ca. 1720–25Accession Number: 2010.113
After a model by Alessandro Algardi (Italian, Bologna 1598–1654 Rome)
Date: mid-17th centuryAccession Number: 34.111
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Brimming with energy and opulence, the works of art in this gallery belong to the Baroque, a style that originated in early seventeenth- century Rome. The furniture and liturgical accessories reflect the sumptuousness of the Baroque style, as well as the virtuosity of Italian craftsmen. The popes were leading patrons of Baroque art, using it to proclaim the supremacy of the Catholic Church as part of their mission to curtail the spread of Protestantism. Baroque sculptors appealed to their audience's emotions by giving their figures dynamic poses and using theatrical touches such as billowing draperies and swirling clouds to heighten the expressiveness of their compositions.
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