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Part of European Paintings
Albrecht Dürer (German, Nuremberg 1471–1528 Nuremberg)
Date: 1519Accession Number: 14.40.633
Hans Baldung (called Hans Baldung Grien) (German, Schwäbisch Gmünd (?) 1484/85–1545 Strasbourg (Strassburg))
Date: ca. 1511Accession Number: 1983.451
Hans Holbein the Younger (German, Augsburg 1497/98–1543 London)
Date: 1532Accession Number: 50.135.4
Lucas Cranach the Elder (German, Kronach 1472–1553 Weimar)
Date: ca. 1528Accession Number: 28.221
Date: ca. 1505Accession Number: 32.100.64
Date: ca. 1525–27Accession Number: 1982.60.48
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The first third of the sixteenth century produced some of Germany's most important artists. The Metropolitan Museum owns key examples by Albrecht Dürer, Hans Baldung Grien, Lucas Cranach the Elder, and Hans Holbein the Younger. Having absorbed the realism of early Netherlandish painting and the culture of Italian classicism and humanism, German painting was subsequently transformed by the religious reforms of Martin Luther (1483–1546). Styles varied from region to region. Among the key patrons were the dukes of Saxony and the powerful bishops of the Catholic Church. Commissions from the merchant class led to some of the greatest portraits ever produced, especially those by Holbein, who also worked in England at the court of Henry VIII (ruled 1509–47).
C. Michael Paul Gallery
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