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Part of European Paintings
Salomon van Ruysdael (Dutch, Naarden, born ca. 1600–1603, died 1670 Haarlem)
Date: early 1650sAccession Number: 71.75
Jacob van Ruisdael (Dutch, Haarlem 1628/29–1682 Amsterdam)
Date: 1646Accession Number: 65.181.10
Jan van Goyen (Dutch, Leiden 1596–1656 The Hague)
Date: 1646Accession Number: 71.62
Frans Post (Dutch, Haarlem 1612–1680 Haarlem)
Date: 1650Accession Number: 1981.318
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The seventeenth century in Holland inaugurated the great tradition of European landscape painting. Works by the best-known Dutch artists—Jacob van Ruisdael, his Amsterdam follower Meyndert Hobbema, and Aelbert Cuyp in Dordrecht—were highly prized by collectors in England and France after 1700 and greatly influenced nineteenth-century painters in both Europe and America. Haarlem was the center of naturalistic landscape painting from about 1600 to 1650, with masters such as Jan van Goyen and Salomon van Ruysdael depicting Dutch scenes that often had a local or nationalistic significance. In other cities, especially Amsterdam and Utrecht, views of foreign topography, untamed nature, and pastoral countryside served as psychological relief from city life in Europe’s most urbanized society.
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