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Part of European Paintings
Michiel Sweerts (Flemish, Brussels 1618–1664 Goa)
Date: ca. 1661Accession Number: 1984.459.1
Hendrick ter Brugghen (Dutch, The Hague? 1588–1629 Utrecht)
Date: ca. 1624–25Accession Number: 56.228
Gerbrand van den Eeckhout (Dutch, Amsterdam 1621–1674 Amsterdam)
Date: 1642Accession Number: 25.110.16
Johann Liss (German, Oldenburg ca. 1595/1600–1631 Verona)
Date: ca. 1625Accession Number: 1999.121
Paulus Bor (Dutch, Amersfoort ca. 1601–1669 Amersfoort)
Date: ca. 1640Accession Number: 1972.261
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History painting (embracing religious and mythological subjects as well as history per se) was the artist's supreme task in the academies of Europe, especially those of France, Italy, and Spain. Many Dutch artists also aspired to be history painters, particularly in Utrecht and in Rembrandt's circle in Amsterdam, and this gallery contains examples of their work. Hendrick ter Brugghen, like other artists from Utrecht, traveled to Rome and brought a version of Caravaggio's style (and his genre subjects) back to the Netherlands. However, Ter Brugghen's Crucifixion of about 1624–25 is a special case: it revives the expressive forms of older devotional works to suit its function as an altarpiece for a Catholic church (Catholics were tolerated in Holland but met clandestinely). Dutch history pictures came later to American collections and with landscapes and genre scenes offer a broader view of Dutch culture than was understood in the past.
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