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Part of European Paintings
Velázquez (Diego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquez) (Spanish, Seville 1599–1660 Madrid)
Date: 1650Accession Number: 1971.86
Bartolomé Estebán Murillo (Spanish, Seville 1617–1682 Seville)
Date: ca. 1670–72Accession Number: 43.13
Jusepe de Ribera (called Lo Spagnoletto) (Spanish, Játiva 1591–1652 Naples)
Date: 1648Accession Number: 34.73
Date: 1622–23Accession Number: 14.40.631
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One of the defining geniuses of European painting, Diego Velázquez was the most important artist in seventeenth-century Spain. His supreme skill as a painter was matched by his knowledge of Italian art, acquired on two trips to Rome, in 1629–31 and 1649–51. The principal court artist to King Philip IV (ruled 1621–65), Velázquez was an exceptional portraitist, depicting the king and his family, members of the court, and his own slave and assistant, Juan de Pareja, with the same psychological depth and with consummate bravura. Like Velázquez, Bartolomé Estebán Murillo was from Seville. Instead of moving to the court in Madrid, however, he produced religious paintings in and for his hometown for most of his career.
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