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Part of European Paintings
Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio or Santi) (Italian, Urbino 1483–1520 Rome)
Date: ca. 1504Accession Number: 16.30ab
Bronzino (Agnolo di Cosimo di Mariano) (Italian, Monticelli 1503–1572 Florence)
Date: 1530sAccession Number: 29.100.16
Andrea del Sarto (Andrea d'Agnolo) (Italian, Florence 1486–1530 Florence)
Accession Number: 22.75
Accession Number: 32.130.1
Francesco Granacci (Francesco di Andrea di Marco) (Italian, Villamagna 1469–1543 Florence)
Date: ca. 1506–7Accession Number: 1970.134.1
Perino del Vaga (Pietro Buonaccorsi) (Italian, Florence 1501–1547 Rome)
Date: ca. 1524–26Accession Number: 2011.26
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Over the course of the sixteenth century, Rome replaced Florence as the center of painting, its cultural patrimony inspiring both Michelangelo and Raphael. The classical harmony and grandeur achieved by those two artists influenced all their contemporaries and remained a model of emulation through the nineteenth century. Their counterpart in Florence was Andrea del Sarto, the "painter without errors" (Vasari). Two defining events were the Sack of Rome by German troops in 1527—a trauma that reverberated throughout Europe—and the definitive establishment in Florence of a princely state under Medici rule in 1537, with Bronzino as its star portraitist. The end of the century saw an attempt to recapture the glory of what had come to be seen as a golden age. Study of the great masters and of nature was the path to greatness.
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