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Part of European Paintings
Guercino (Giovanni Francesco Barbieri) (Italian, Cento 1591–1666 Bologna)
Date: 1619Accession Number: 1984.459.2
Giuliano Finelli (Italian, Carrara 1601–1653 Rome)
Date: 1631–32Accession Number: 53.201
Andrea Sacchi (Italian, Rome (?) ca. 1599–1661 Rome)
Date: 1641Accession Number: 1981.317
Ludovico Carracci (Italian, Bologna 1555–1619 Bologna)
Date: ca. 1582Accession Number: 2000.68
Guido Reni (Italian, Bologna 1575–1642 Bologna)
Accession Number: 1974.348
Artemisia Gentileschi (Italian, Rome 1593–1651/53 Naples)
Accession Number: 69.281
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At the end of the sixteenth century, artists such as Scipione Pulzone responded to the religious shift of the Counter-Reformation with profoundly pious works. Over the next fifty years, altarpieces developed into the lavish canvases of Guido Reni and Guercino. Cardinals and princes competed to decorate their churches and palaces with vibrantly painted, often theatrically staged pictures that treated subjects from the Bible, on the one hand, and ancient history or mythology, on the other. Altarpieces and gallery pictures shared a monumental format and grandiosity of composition. Antiquity, especially classical sculpture, was an important influence on artists such as Andrea Sacchi. In this period and after, Italy continued to assert its central position in European art.
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