Date: 19th century
Geography: Northern Great Plains
Culture: Native American (Sioux)
Medium: wood, grass, hide, tin, porcupine quill
Dimensions: Overall diam. 4.2 × L. 68.5 cm (1 5/8 in. × 26 15/16 in.); tube diam 1.6 - 3.8 cm (0.613 - 1.486 in.)
Classification: Aerophone-Whistle Flute-whistle
Credit Line: The Crosby Brown Collection of Musical Instruments, 1889
Accession Number: 89.4.2058
This whistle has no finger holes, creating a limited tonal range and making it ideal for signaling. Today, the whistle's use varies with each community, but in the past a leader used it to direct Grass Dance singers to resume or cease their songs. Some dancers held these symbolic crane-headed whistles as they flattened the grass during their dance.
The sole opening in the shaft of the whistle is a duct window. Carved and hollowed from a single piece of wood and wrapped in red-dyed strips of reeds, this whistle features two braided lengths of sweetgrass lashed to its underside. Sweetgrass is considered sacred and used as a means of purification in many tribes. A collar of red-dyed, quilled spokeswith small rolled-metal cones and dyed down feathers surround the crane's beak. Two elongated tethers with feather adornment are attached at the collar's base.