James Stuart (1612–1655), Duke of Richmond and Lennox

Artist: Anthony van Dyck (Flemish, Antwerp 1599–1641 London)

Date: ca. 1633–35

Medium: Oil on canvas

Dimensions: 85 x 50 1/4 in. (215.9 x 127.6 cm)

Classification: Paintings

Credit Line: Marquand Collection, Gift of Henry G. Marquand, 1889

Accession Number: 89.15.16

Description

In 1641 the fourth Duke of Lennox was created first Duke of Richmond by his cousin, Charles I, King of England. Four years earlier he had married Mary Villiers, daughter of the king’s favorite, the Duke of Buckingham. Van Dyck probably painted this majestic portrait shortly after Stuart’s investiture into the Order of the Garter, in November 1633. The silver star, the "Lesser George" medal on a green ribbon, and the garter itself (below the left knee) are the order’s insignia. The greyhound suggests nobility (by alluding to their hunting privileges) and perhaps the virtue of fidelity.

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