Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History



  • Black Iris, 1926
    Georgia O'Keeffe (American, 1887–1986)
    Oil on canvas; 36 x 29 7/8 in. (91.4 x 75.9 cm)
    Alfred Stieglitz Collection, 1969 (69.278.1)

    This monumental flower painting is one of O'Keeffe's masterpieces. Using colors that are subtly graded from impenetrable black-purple and deep maroon to soft pinks, grays, and whites, she captures the ephemeral quality of this springtime bloom. By enlarging the petals to over-lifesize proportions, O'Keeffe forces the viewer to confront what might otherwise be overlooked and, in turn, elevates the ordinary to the extraordinary. When her magnified flowers were first shown in 1924, even Stieglitz was shocked by their audacity. Critics saw sexual content in their delicate contours, organic forms, and lush surfaces, even though the artist always denied such associations.

    This work of art also appears on Connections: Black , Greenhouse

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    On view: Gallery 910
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  • Black Iris, 1926
    Georgia O'Keeffe (American, 1887–1986)
    Oil on canvas; 36 x 29 7/8 in. (91.4 x 75.9 cm)
    Alfred Stieglitz Collection, 1969 (69.278.1)

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    Close