Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History



  • Chess piece (knight), ca. 1350–60
    Western European (perhaps English)
    Ivory
    2 13/32 in. (6.1 cm), 2 3/16 in. (5.6 cm)
    Gustavus A. Pfeiffer Fund, 1968 (68.95)

    Once a piece of exquisitely carved small sculpture, this ivory chessman is today an important document for the study of late medieval horse armor. It gives a rare and remarkably detailed representation of a complete armor for both man and horse of the mid-fourteenth century, a period that witnessed the final development of full plate armor. The most notable element of this bard is a large shaffron of plate, encompassing the entire head of the animal, while the lower neck, chest, and rump are protected by a full mail trapper. Four additional panels, presumably made from textile or hardened leather and suspended by straps, served both as additional protection and adornment, having probably been painted or embroidered with the rider's coat-of-arms. Although the legs, and a base, are missing, the horse appears to have been rearing.

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    On view: Gallery 307
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  • Chess piece (knight), ca. 1350–60
    Western European (perhaps English)
    Ivory
    2 13/32 in. (6.1 cm), 2 3/16 in. (5.6 cm)
    Gustavus A. Pfeiffer Fund, 1968 (68.95)


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