José Costa y Bonells (died l870), Called Pepito

Artist: Goya (Francisco de Goya y Lucientes) (Spanish, Fuendetodos 1746–1828 Bordeaux)

Date: ca. 1810

Medium: Oil on canvas

Dimensions: 41 3/8 x 33 1/4 in. (105.1 x 84.5 cm)

Classification: Paintings

Credit Line: Gift of Countess Bismarck, 1961

Accession Number: 61.259


Pepito's father, Rafael Costa de Quintana, was doctor to King Ferdinand VII; his mother was the daughter of Jaime Bonells, doctor to the Alba family. The portrait is most closely related to works that Goya painted shortly after 1810 and seems to allude to the Spanish War of Independence, 1808–14. Pepito's jacket is tailored in imitation of a soldier's uniform, and his hair is cut in the Napoleonic fashion. The military analogy is further enhanced by the drum and the toy rifle with a fixed bayonet.