Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History



  • Wall Painting of a Camel, first half 12th century (perhaps 1129–34)
    From the hermitage of San Baudelio de Berlanga
    Fresco transferred to canvas; 65 x 134 in. (165.1 x 340.3 cm)
    The Cloisters Collection, 1961 (61.219)

    The hermitage of San Baudelio de Berlanga was constructed in the beginning of the eleventh century at the heart of the frontier between Islamic and Christian lands. Its interior was transformed 150 years later with the addition of two cycles of vibrant wall paintings. The upper walls of the church were decorated with a series of scenes from the life of Christ, while the lower sections include boldly painted hunt scenes and images of animals, all of which derive from earlier Islamic objects.

    Associated with aristocratic power and pursuits, the camel was a subject often seen on the courtly fine arts of the Umayyad caliphate and Ta’ifa monarchies. Islamic court art was known and admired by inhabitants of the Christian kingdoms for its costly materials and unparalleled craft. Though the Christians under Alfonso VII had definitively wrested Berlanga from Islamic forces in 1124, the paintings in the hermitage suggest that they continued to rely on Islamic motifs and the style of the Islamic court when seeking to create a luxurious setting.

    This work of art also appears on Connections: Physics

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    On view at The Cloisers: Gallery 001
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  • Wall Painting of a Camel, first half 12th century (perhaps 1129–34)
    From the hermitage of San Baudelio de Berlanga
    Fresco transferred to canvas; 65 x 134 in. (165.1 x 340.3 cm)
    The Cloisters Collection, 1961 (61.219)

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